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Corona virus pandemic (covid19) and its impact on the world and the damage and losses suffered by countries within a short period and the high number of deaths and injuries

  • Corona Virus Pandemic (covid19) and its impact on the world and the damage and losses caused to countries in a short period

Introduction to the topic

Corona Virus Pandemic 2019-20 is an ongoing global pandemic of the Corona Virus 2019 (COFED-19) disease that occurs due to the Corona Virus 2 associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV-2). The disease was discovered in December 2019 in Wuhan, central China, and it was named 2019-nCoV and was classified by the World Health Organization on March 11, 2020 (pandemic).

The virus can spread directly from human to human, and its transmission rate (infection rate) appears to have increased in mid-January 2020. Several countries in Europe, North America and Asia and the Pacific have reported infections reaching their lands. The incubation period is about 5 days or more, and there is initial evidence that it may be infectious before symptoms appear. Symptoms include fever, coughing, and difficulty breathing, and may result in death.

As of January 31, 2020, nearly 75,775 cases have been confirmed, including all provinces of China. Of the first 41 people confirmed to be infected, two-thirds were established to be associated with the Wuhan wholesale seafood market, which also sells live animals. The first confirmed death from the virus occurred on January 9, and since then 3,015 people have been confirmed dead. Studies estimate that more people may be infected, but have not been medically detected. The first outbreak of the virus outside China was in Vietnam from father to son, while the first outbreak outside China, which did not include family members, occurred in Germany on January 22, when a German businessman was infected by a visiting Chinese businessman at a meeting in the German state of Bavaria .

As an initial Chinese response, the governments of Wuhan and 15 cities in the vicinity of Hubei Province have implemented a travel ban covering more than 57 million people. This involved stopping all public transportation in urban areas and transporting abroad by train, flight and long-distance buses. Several events related to the New Year and tourist attractions were also closed for fear of contagion, including the Forbidden City festivals in Beijing and exhibitions. Traditional temples and other ceremonial gatherings. Hong Kong also raised the response to communicable diseases to the highest level, declared a state of emergency, closed its schools until mid-February, and canceled its New Year celebrations.


A number of country governments have issued travel warnings to the provinces of Wuhan and Hubei. Travelers who have visited the mainland of China have been asked to monitor their health for at least two weeks and contact their health care provider to report any symptoms of the virus. He advised anyone suspected of carrying the virus to wear a protective mask and seek medical advice by contacting the doctor instead of visiting the clinic in person. Airports and train stations have conducted a series of tests that include temperature checks and have published health announcements as well as a summary of information on billboards to identify virus carriers.

Chinese scientists were able to isolate and determine the genetic sequence of the virus and quickly made it available so that others could independently develop PCR tests to detect the disease. He announced that the 2019-nCoV genome sequence is between 75 to 80 percent of the SARS sequence, and more than 85 percent of the corona bat virus.
 But it is not clear if this virus is from the same killer series of SARS.
Corona Virus Pandemic 2019-20
COVID-19 Outbreak World Map.svg
Disease outbreak map until last update
  10,000+ confirmed cases
  1,000–9,999 confirmed cases
  100-999 confirmed cases
  10-99 confirmed cases
  1-9 confirmed case
   Unconfirmed cases

Map of individual confirmed cases on March 20, 2020> Status every 1,000 1-10 cases every 10,000 1-10 cases every 100,000 1-10 cases every million 1-10 cases every 10 million 1-10 cases every 100 million unconfirmed cases
Map of confirmed cases of an individual on March 20, 2020
   > Condition every 1000
   1-10 cases every 10,000
   1-10 cases per 100,000
   1-10 cases per million
   1-10 cases every 10 million
   1-10 cases per 100 million
   Unconfirmed cases
DatesDecember 12, 2019 - yet
the placeOrigin:  Wuhan ,  Hubei , ChinaChina 
The deaths33,106  (March 30, 2020)
CasesSee the list of losses
Confirmed cases693,224  (March 30, 2020) 
Recovery cases130,858  (March 27, 2020)


Corona Virus Spread (Covid-19)

The regions of the spread of the new Corona Wuhan virus in the country and the region 2019-20, as of Tuesday 31 March 2020, corresponding to 7 Shaaban 1441 AH.
The virus was first discovered in Wuhan, central China, in December 2019. It is believed to have originated in wild animals, and has spread to humans by mixing infected animals during wildlife trade operations in wet markets. The virus then spread to other Chinese provinces in early and mid-January 2020 due to the Chinese New Year holidays. In other countries, due to the transmission of the disease through international travel, infected cases have started as follows: Thailand (January 13); Japan (January 15); South Korea (January 20); Taiwan and the United States (January 21); Hong Kong and Macau (22 January); Singapore (January 23); France, Nepal, and Vietnam (January 24); Australia and Malaysia (January 25); Canada (January 26); Cambodia (January 27); Germany (January 28); Finland, Sri Lanka, and the United Arab Emirates (January 29) India, Italy, and the Philippines (January 30); UK, Russia, and Sweden (January 31). [242] [243] Five injured people were announced dead in Qom, central Iran, while unofficial Iranian news networks reported nine deaths. As a result, the Iraqi government tightened procedures for travel to or entry from Iran, and opened quarantine centers at Iraqi border crossings with Iran for fear of transmitting the virus to the Iraqi interior, as well as suspending the granting of a tourist visa to Iranians until further notice.

As of January 29, more than 75,775 confirmed cases have been found worldwide, most of them in China. There were 2,130 deaths from the virus, only 11 were outside China. [242] Estimated models indicate that the real figure is between 25,000 and 35,000 cases. It confirmed the transmission between humans in Vietnam, Japan and Germany, but has not confirmed an active center of proliferation outside China yet. The World Health Organization and local governments have been running efforts since January 23, inside and outside China, to educate the population and put in place anti-virus measures. According to official figures, cases of HIV recovered to 16,345, 190 of which were outside China.

Egypt by March 19, 2020, as shown in the adjacent list: 210 cases of infection (including 53 cases of foreigners), number of deaths 6, and the number of those who exceeded the injury and recovered 35. That is, the death rate from this disease is about 3%; this is slightly lower than the global average (4%) because most of the Egyptian people are young and young, as the proportion of people who are over 65 years old does not exceed 5 and 3 percent.
Country or region [a]Confirmed cases [b]The deathsRecovery casesReferences
183701,52533,174141,916
 United States  [c]131,3662,3282,612[45] [46]
 Italy [d]97,68910,77913,030[49]
 China  (spreading source)  [e]81,4393,30075,448[50]
 Spain [f]78,7996,60614,709[52]
 Germany60,8874825,024[53]
 Iran [g]38,3092,64012,391[54]
 France  [h]37,6112,3145,700[55] [56]
 United Kingdom [i]19,5221,228140
 Switzerland14,7953001,595[63]
 Holland10,923772-[64]
 Belgium10,8364311,359[65]
 South Korea9,5831525,033[66] [67]
 Austria8,29168225[68] [69]
 Turkey7,40210870[70]
 Canada5,60761479[71]
 Portugal5,17010043[72]
 Norway4,04823-[73]
 Australia3,96416224[74]
 Brazil3,9041116[75] [76]
 Israel3,8651389[77]
 Sweden3,46011218[78] [79]
 Czech Republic2,6691311[80]
 Malaysia2,47034388[81] [82]
 Ireland2,415365[83]
 Denmark2,36665-[84]
 Chile1,909661[85]
 Luxembourg1,8311840[86] [87]
 Ecuador1,823483[88]
 Poland1,7171915[89]
 Japan1,69352404[90] [87]
 Russia1,534864[91]
 Pakistan1,5261328[92]
 Romania1,45237139[93] [94]
 Philippines1,4187142[95] [96]
 Thailand1,3887111[97] [98]
 Indonesia1,28511464[99]
 Saudi1,203437[100]
 South Africa1,187131[101]
 Finland1,163910[102] [103]
 Greece1,0613252[104] [105]
 India9792587[106]
 Iceland9632114[107]
 Panama901174[108]
 Mexico848164[109]
 Singapore8023198[110] [111]
 Dominican Republic719283[112]
 Argentina6901751[113]
 Slovenia684910[114]
 Estonia679320[115]
Cruise ship side view.svg International transport [j]67210603[116]
 Peru6711616[117]
 Serbia6591042[118] [119]
 Croatia657549[120]
 Colombia608610[121]
 Diameter590145[122]
 Hong Kong5824112[123]
 Egypt57636121[124]
 Iraq50642131[125]
 the two seas4764265[126]
 New Zealand476156[127]
 The United Arab Emirates468255[128]
 Algeria4542929[129]
 Lithuania43771[130]
 Morocco, West, sunset4372612[129] [131]
 Ukraine41895[132]
 Lebanon412827[133] [134]
 Hungary4081334[135]
 Armenia407130[136]
 Bulgaria331711[137]
 Andorra30835[138]
 Latvia30501[139] [140]
 Taiwan298239[141] [142]
 Costa Rica29523[143]
 Slovakia29207[144] [145]
 Tunisia27882[146] [139]
 Uruguay27400[147] [148]
 Kazakhstan265118[149]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina26255[150]
 Northern Macedonia24143[151] [152]
 Jordan246118[153]
 Kuwait235064[154]
 San Marino223216[155]
 Albania2121033[156]
 Burkina Faso2071121[147]
 Moldova18823[157]
 Azerbaijan182415[158]
 Vietnam179021[159]
 Cyprus162515[160]
 Amman152023[161]
 Malta14902[162]
 Ghana14152[163]
 Uzbekistan13327[164]
 Senegal130018[165]
 Brunei120125[166] [167]
 Cuba11934[168]
 Sri Lanka115110[169]
 Venezuela113239[170]
 Afghanistan11042[165]
 Honduras11023[171]
 Cambodia103021[172]
 Mauritius10220[173]
 Cote d'Ivoire10103[165]
 Palestine97118[174]
 Nigeria9713[175]
 Belarus94032[176]
 Cameroon9122[177]
 Georgia90018[178] [179]
 Kosovo8811[180]
 the black Mountain8210[181]
 Bolivia8100[182]
 Trinidad and Tobago7421[183]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo6562[177]
 Jersey611-[184]
 Liechtenstein61012[185]
 Northern Cyprus61129[186]
 Rwanda6000[187]
 Kyrgyzstan5800[188]
 Paraguay5635[189]
 Bangladesh48511[190]
 Monaco4201[191]
 Guernsey390-[192]
 Madagascar3900[177]
 Kenya3811[177]
 Macao37010[193]
 Guatemala34110[194]
 Isle of Man3200[195]
 Jamaica3012[196] [197]
 Uganda3000[198]
 Zambia2800[197]
 Barbados2600[199]
 Togo2501[200]
 El Salvador2400[197]
 Republic of the Congo1900[201]
 Ethiopia1901[197]
 Financial1810[197]
 Niger1810[197]
 Maldives16011[202]
 Guinea1601[203]
 Djibouti1400[203]
 Tanzania1400[203]
 Equatorial Guinea1200[203]
 Mongolia1200[203]
 Dominica1100[204]
 Namibia1102[203]
 Transnistria1100
 Bahamas1000[205]
 Eswatini900[206] [203]
 Grenada900[207]
 Syria910[208]
 Guyana810[209]
 Haiti800[210]
 Laos800[211]
 Libya800[212]
 Mozambique800[213]
 Myanmar800[214]
 Seychelles800[215]
 Suriname800[216]
 Antigua and Barbuda700[217]
 Gabon710[218]
 Zimbabwe710[219]
 Boys600[217]
 green head610[218]
 Eritrea600[218]
 Vatican600[220]
 Angola500[218]
 Fiji500[221]
 Sudan510[222] [223]
 Mauritania500[218]
 Nepal501[224]
 Bhutan400[225]
 Nicaragua410[226]
 St. Lucia400[227]
 Central African Republic300[228]
 Chad300[229]
 The Gambia310[230]
 Liberia300[231] [232]
 Somalia300[233]
 Belize200[234]
 Guinea-Bissau200[235]
MS  Zaandam [k]200[236]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis200[237]
 East Timor100[238]
 Papua New Guinea100[239]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines101[240] [241]
The latest updates for March 31/3/2020

Graphs
Number of injuries
 The world  in China
As of March 18, 2020, according to WHO data
World Health Organization

Symptoms and signs


Affected people may be asymptomatic or may develop clinical symptoms such as fever, cough, shortness of breath, fatigue, and muscle pain. The WHO review of 55,924 laboratory-confirmed cases in China indicated the following typical symptoms and signs: fever (87.9%), dry cough (67.7%), fatigue (38.1%), expectoration production (33.4%), and shortness of breath (18.6%) Sore throat (13.9%), headache (13.6%), muscle or joint pain (14.8%), chills (11.4%), nausea and vomiting (5.0%), nasal congestion (4.8%), diarrhea (3.7%), Hemoptysis (0.9%), conjunctival hyperemia (0.8%).

The development of the disease may then lead to severe pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome, sepsis (septicemia), septic shock, and death. Some patients may be asymptomatic, that is, the results of the examination confirm the infection but they do not show symptoms, so researchers advise to monitor individuals who are in contact with patients confirmed their injury and exclude the injury.

The incubation period (the period between injury and the onset of symptoms) ranges from one day to 14 days, but in most cases the incubation period was five days. However, one case was recorded with an incubation period of 27 days.

The reason for the  move


The main mode of transmission is from human to human through exhaled respiratory secretions (such as coughing or sneezing). WHO is assessing whether asymptomatic and faecal transport are important transmission methods. Therefore, the distance between people should be at least 1.5 meters so that the infection does not spread if an infected person sneezes (congestion is dangerous).



Coronavirus droplets remain suspended in the air for a short period, and may be deposited on a table, for example, or anything like that, and become a carrier of infection when someone touches it and does not wash his hands well with soap and water. It is recommended that you wash your hands every now and then as the infection may spread from catching contaminated door accidents. From the hands, infection is then infected when a person touches his mouth, nose, or eye, and the virus finds its way into the person's respiratory system. Details about SARS-SK virus-2 are not available as of February 26, 2020, and it is assumed to be similar to the rest of the coronavirus, which may remain alive and infectious on metal, glass, or plastic surfaces for up to nine days at room temperature. Surfaces can be disinfected using materials such as ethanol by applying it for a minute.


There are estimates of the number of primary reproduction (the average number of people that each infected person may infect) ranging from 2.13 to 4.82. By January 24, 2020, the virus has been reported to be able to pass into a chain of up to four people. This is similar to the Corona virus associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV). [255] [256] [257]

The WHO also wrote: Although the history of SARS and Coronavirus associated with the respiratory syndrome in the Middle East has shown that they cannot be transmitted through food, the possibility remains that the meat and animal products must be cooked fully by virtue of experience.
The virus is widely believed to be of animal origin, and therefore it most likely has passed from animal to human, although the involvement of animals and the mode of transmission have not yet been determined.

On March 18, 2020, several European countries, including France, Germany, Italy, and others issued decisions to prevent gatherings for the purpose of limiting the transmission of the disease, including countries such as Italy that prevented people from leaving homes in some of the affected provinces. And the meeting specified even among family members, especially to protect the elderly, where they are at risk of death if the epidemic strikes them. Young people, young adults and children seem to have immunity to it, but they can pass it on to others.
For prevention, everyone should honey his hands with soap and water from time to time and not touch the hands to the mouth, nose or eyes so that the virus does not find a pathway to the respiratory system. And to stay away from others as much as possible, it protects himself, his relatives and his family. One of the problems is the lack of a vaccine to treat or prevent this new virus, and many laboratories around the world are discovering a vaccine against it and this may take at least nine months.



Corona virus associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a new corona virus associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome, first isolated from three people with pneumonia associated with a group of acute respiratory disease cases in Wuhan. This virus is the cause of Corona Virus Virus 2019 (Covid-19).

SARS-CoV-2 is closely related to the original version of SARS-CoV. It is believed to be an animal disease. Genetic analyzes showed the formation of corona virus groups with the beta coronavirus, in the B subtype of the genus Corona virus associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome with two strains derived from the bat. It is 96% identical at the level of the complete genotype with samples of bat virus corona (BatCov RaTG13). In February 2020, Chinese researchers found only one amino acid difference in a specific genotype sequence between viruses detected in the scaly anteater and those present. In human patients, this means that the scaly anteater may be the intermediate host.

Diagnosis



The WHO has published multiple test protocols for the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which causes coronavirus 2019. The test uses a serial polymerase reaction for instantaneous reverse transcription (rRT-PCR). The test can be performed on respiratory or blood samples. Results are available within a few hours to days.
A person is considered to be at risk of contracting Covid-19 if he has traveled to an area of ​​continuous community transition during the past forty days or if he has been in close contact with an infected person. Common main indicators include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Other possible indications include fatigue, muscle pain, loss of appetite, sputum production and sore throat.
An alternative method of diagnosis is based on clinical manifestations such as searching for the Covid-19 visual mark pattern in computerized tomography of the lungs. Covid-19 infection can be confirmed by rRT-PCR before pneumonia appears.

Outbreaks



On December 31, 2019, China informed the World Health Organization of an "unexplained pneumonia" outbreak that was discovered in Wuhan, Hebei Province, China, the seventh largest city in China with a population of 11 million. As of January 23, more than 800 cases of 2019 nCoV infection have been confirmed globally, including infections in at least 20 regions in China and nine countries / territories. The first person reported had symptoms, and he had symptoms early on December 8, later to be confirmed as a store owner in the Wuhan South China Fish Market. He closed the market on January 1.

The type of virus that caused the outbreak is quickly identified as a new corona virus. On January 10, after specifying the gene sequence, the name 2019-nCoV, which is the betakuronavirus, is associated with the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARSCoV) virus. The death rate and mode of transmission of the 2019-nCoV virus are still not fully known, and its method is likely to differ from the previous mentioned Corona viruses.

Ensure that travelers with HIV are responsible for its transmission outside of Wuhan. On January 13, Thailand reported the first international case outside China, while the first cases were reported inside China, but outside Wuhan, on January 19 in Guangdong and Beijing. On January 20, the Chinese National Health Commission (NHC) confirmed that the virus can be transmitted between humans. On the same day, some cases of human infection with the 2019 nCoV virus were confirmed in Japan and South Korea. The next day, cases were discovered in the United States and Taiwan by some returning travelers from the Wuhan region. On January 21, multiple provinces in China reported new cases and confirmed 15 health care workers were injured, with six deaths reported. Then, additional travel-related cases were confirmed infected in Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore and Vietnam.

The immediate concern is the increased risk of infection from increased travel volumes and massive human gatherings eager to celebrate Chinese New Year on January 24. So on January 23, 2020, Wuhan suspended all public transportation and air travel (both inside and outside the city), putting the entire city's 11 million people under quarantine. On January 24, Huanggang and Weizhou, adjacent to Wuhan, were placed under the same quarantine, and the rest of the cities in China began to follow suit. Moreover, many cities canceled Chinese New Year celebrations.

Since Wuhan is a major air transport hub in central China, it has taken many measures on a global scale to reduce international spread. On January 1, checks began targeting travelers from Wuhan at Hong Kong and Macao airports. On January 3, Taiwan, Singapore and Thailand began examining incoming travelers. In the United States, the CDC began checking passenger entry on direct flights from Wuhan to the three major entry ports on January 17, 2020, and the Atlanta and Chicago airports were later added. On January 23, the American CDC raised the travel alert to Wuhan, China, to the three highest levels. Subsequently, additional countries in the Pacific and Asia, including Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and India, started an airport passenger screening.

Transmission of the virus to Japan


On January 16, the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare informed the World Health Organization (WHO) that there was a confirmed case of the new corona virus (2019-nCoV) when someone had traveled to Wuhan, China. This was the second confirmed case of the 2019-nCoV virus detected outside China, after confirmation of the first case in Thailand on January 13. [285] The patient was male, between 30 and 39 years old, and lived in Japan. The patient traveled to Wuhan, China, in late December, and developed a fever on January 3, 2020 while he was staying in Wuhan. However, he did not visit the Wuhan seafood market or any other market for the sale of live animals in Wuhan. However, he indicated that he had close contact with a person with pneumonia.

On January 6, he returned to Japan and had an influenza test when he visited a local clinic on the same day but the result was negative. On January 10, and due to persistent symptoms of cough, sore throat, and fever, he checked with a local hospital where chest X-ray pictures showed deep problems, after which he was hospitalized on the same day and remained feverish until January 14. Where the attending physician reported the case to a local public health authority under the monitoring system. Samples were collected and sent to the National Institute of Infectious Diseases (NIID), and there was a serial polymerase reaction test for reverse transcription twice, and confirmed that he had a 2019-nCoV RNA virus on January 15, 2020. On the same day of January 15, he was discharged from the hospital and returned home to rest while he is in a state stable.

Transmission of the virus to the United States


The first patient from Washington State had entered the United States from Wuhan on January 15, 2020. The patient sought care at a medical facility in Washington State, where the patient was treated for symptoms of the disease. Depending on the patient's travel history and symptoms, healthcare professionals suspect they have been infected with the new coronavirus. A clinical sample was taken from it and sent to the United States Center for Disease Control (CDC), where laboratory tests on January 20 confirmed the validity of the diagnosis through a rRT-PCR test.
The CDC was proactively preparing and preparing for the 2019-nCoV virus to arrive in the United States several weeks earlier, including:
Send an alert to health centers on January 8, asking for an audit of patients with respiratory symptoms and comparing travel dates to Wuhan, China.
Developing guidelines for clinicians to examine and manage cases of 2019-nCoV virus, as well as developing home care guidelines for patients with a 2019-nCoV virus.
Develop a diagnostic test to detect this virus in clinical samples, and shorten the time it takes to detect the infection. Where this virus is detected at the CDC.
On January 17, the CDC began implementing public health checks for entry to airports in the states of San Francisco (SFO), New York (JFK), and Los Angeles (LAX). Subsequently added Atlanta Airports (ATL) and Chicago (ORD).
The CDC is attending and active its Emergency Operations Center to better provide ongoing support to respond to cases infected with the 2019-nCoV virus.

On January 24, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirmed the occurrence of a second infection with the Corona virus in Illinois. Where the patient had returned from his travel from Wuhan, China. The patient entered the United States from Wuhan on January 13, 2020, and called a healthcare provider after experiencing symptoms for a few days. The patient was hospitalized, where measures were taken to control the infection, to reduce the risk of transmission, and he was placed in a health isolation room. Based on the patient’s travel history and symptoms, he was suspected of being infected with the 2019NCoV virus. A clinical sample was taken from him and sent to the CDC, where laboratory tests confirmed the infection. The Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) and the Chicago Public Health (CDPH) began reviewing the places this patient went after returning to Illinois trying to determine the individuals he contacted with. All suspects were placed under surveillance for symptoms.
By mid-March 2020, the number of people infected with the new virus in the United States of America reached about 4000 people, it is increasing exponentially.

Transmission of the virus to Iran



Pilgrims, migrant workers, businessmen, soldiers, and clerics constantly flow across the Iranian border, often crossing the border into countries with little or no border controls, weak and ineffective governments and fragile health systems. All of this makes Iran a second focal point after China for the spread of the disease, all infections in Iraq, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and one in Saudi Arabia, Lebanon in addition to Afghanistan, and one injury in Canada, it was announced that its source is from Iran .

Experts believe that the Middle East is the ideal place for a pandemic, with continued movement of both Muslim pilgrims and itinerant workers who may carry the virus. Civil wars and years of turmoil have also caused health systems to collapse in many neighboring countries, such as Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, and Yemen, plus most of the region is largely governed by systems with a poor record of providing public transparency, accountability, and health services. "It is a recipe for a major viral outbreak," said Peter Piot, director of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and former executive director of the Joint United Nations Program on HIV (HIV).

Millions of Muslim pilgrims travel annually from all over the region to visit Shi'a holy sites in Iran and Iraq, and in January alone, 30,000 people returned to Afghanistan from Iran, and hundreds of others continue to make pilgrimages to Qom, the site of the outbreak of the disease. Every week, Afghan officials say. As of March 3, 2020, the Iranian government announced that the number of injured people amounted to 1,501, in addition to 66 deaths. This included injuries to government officials, including those in the Ministry of Health, and 23 Iranian parliamentarians.

Reducing its spread in the Arabian Gulf


The outbreak of the virus in the cities of Qom and the scene of the two Iranian religious capitals and then throughout the Iranian interior has led to the Iraqi government closing the Iraqi-Iranian border ports and stopping tourist visas between the two countries where religious tourism is common among the citizens of the two countries or as crossing points for citizens of neighboring countries. Iraq has registered in 24 February 2020, the first official case of an Iranian student studying in the holy city of Najaf, the Iraqi religious capital. As of March 2, the number of confirmed casualties in Iraq had reached 21. This led the Gulf Cooperation Council states to take precautionary measures to limit the spread of the virus in the region, especially after Iran became the second global focus after China with the number of people infected with Coronavirus, and after government reports to the GCC countries confirmed that those who were infected by their citizens or residents on their lands, were Either in or from Iran.

In the chronology of the virus's arrival in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries, the UAE announced on January 29, 2020, the first cases of HIV infection on its soil, of a Chinese family of four, who were coming from the Chinese city of Wuhan, where the disease began to spread. Then, on February 24, 2020, Bahrain registered the first case of HIV infection on its soil, for a citizen traveling to Iran, then the Sultanate of Oman announced the first case of infection on its territory for a woman who was also coming from Iran, and decided to ban the travel of its citizens to the Iranian state. On the same day, Kuwait recorded the first cases of HIV infection for five people, including one citizen, who were coming on a tourist trip from the Iranian city of Mashhad, where the tomb of Imam Ali Al-Rida, the eighth Imams of the Shiite Muslims, is located, then the infections continued in the country, and the Kuwaiti Ministry of Health announced that Iran is the source of all injuries recorded in Kuwait. As a result, the Kuwaiti government decided to ban travel to Iran, and to stop all travel between the two countries and quarantine all those coming from it to conduct the required medical examinations. A few days later, on February 29, 2020, Qatar announced that it had registered the first case of HIV infection on its soil, and that it was a Qatari citizen returning from Iran.

In the wake of these developments, on February 27, 2020, the Saudi Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement announcing that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia “temporarily suspended entry to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for the purposes of Umrah and temporarily visited the Prophet’s Mosque” and suspended “entry to the Kingdom with tourist visas for people coming from countries that have become the spread of the Corona virus It constitutes a danger, ”according to the text of the statement. The Saudi Foreign Ministry has described these measures as “a proactive precaution to prevent the arrival of the Corona virus into Saudi lands.” There is the Two Noble Sanctuaries, the Sacred Mosque in Makkah and the Prophet’s Mosque in Medina, the two sacred capitals for Muslims, where millions of Muslims travel annually to visit them for the purpose of Hajj. Umrah and visitation. The decision, according to observers, came to protect pilgrims and visitors from "exchanging infection and transporting it to the Holy Bekaa and to the world." Saudi Arabia’s decision to temporarily suspend entry to the purpose of Umrah was welcomed by Arab and Islamic countries and organizations, and the World Health Organization said that the decision: “It will enable the Saudi government to implement sustainable measures to prevent and combat the disease and protect the crowds during this important season.” The states of the Gulf Cooperation Council also decided to suspend travel among themselves using a civil ID, in order to be able to discover the record of international trips for their citizens, even if they were present in countries where the virus is spreading.

Saudi Arabia had evacuated all of its citizens from China on February 2, 2020, and it was not registered on its soil until the date of March 3, 2020, any case of the virus, except for one case, which is a Saudi citizen, whose case outside Saudi Arabia was recorded among the injured in Bahrain coming from Iran On March 2, 2020, he returned to Saudi Arabia from Bahrain. While the number of confirmed patients until March 2 in Kuwait reached 56 cases, in Qatar to 8 cases, and in Bahrain to 47 cases, prompting the Bahraini government to suspend the study for two weeks, and called on its citizens not to travel to countries where the virus has spread, such as Iran , Italy, Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia and South Korea. In the United Arab Emirates, the number of injured has reached 21, of which five have recovered. In the Sultanate of Oman, two of the six confirmed cases were recovered from the Ministry of Health.

Total number of confirmed cases of Covid virus - 19 per million people on March 19, 2020
The total number of Covid virus deaths - 19 per million people on March 19, 2020

protection

Infection prevention methods vary, depending on the likelihood of individuals at risk of developing effective communication and general differences in medical culture between cultures. Official advice was generally limited to calls for good personal hygiene and regular hand washing (read "Transition" above), and those suspected of being injured were required to wear surgical masks and call a doctor for medical advice. A large number of countries have issued advice warning against traveling to mainland China, Hubei Province, or only to Wuhan. It is also advised to practice social exclusion to prevent further outbreaks.

The public often takes preventative measures that go beyond what the health authorities recommend. There is great use of surgical masks from healthy people in Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore and Malaysia. Reports indicate that people are buying healthy products such as hand sanitizers, where they prefer to keep their hands and laundry "clean" with sterile products. They do not shake hands with a hand, so that an infection does not spread.

Also, people avoid contact with the Chinese people on the mainland in places far from the United States. It was reported that the Japanese wore surgical masks and sprayed themselves with air disinfectants, especially in areas where foreigners are present.

The Hong Kong government requires people to maintain good personal hygiene and keep their hands clean. It also warns everyone who travels outside the city not to touch animals; not to eat game meat and avoid visiting wet markets, live poultry markets or farms. Everyone suspected of being injured is required to wear a surgical mask and contact a doctor.

The Ministry of Health in Singapore requires people to maintain a good level of hygiene, such as washing hands regularly and not playing with hands in the mouth, nose or eye, and people who do not feel well should immediately move away from their family members and companions, wear a mask and see a doctor Immediately.

Building hospitals

On January 29, the Chinese government opened a hospital dedicated to treating the virus, five days after its pledge (on Friday, January 24) that it would build a hospital with a capacity of 1,000 beds within 10 days. About 500 workers and volunteers spent 48 hours providing the empty building with electricity, adaptation, and water services. , And the Internet. It is the achievement that brings the 2003 SARS epidemic back to memory, as Beijing built a hospital at the same speed. The Associated Press said the facility would be modeled after the Xiaotangshan SARS Hospital, which was built in 2003 in Beijing. The construction was completed by 7,000 workers in only six days during the spread of the SARS epidemic, which killed 800 people. The Guardian and Reuters newspaper reported that the facility, which was considered successful, treated 700 patients over a period of less than two months before its closure. The hospital is expected to relieve some of the pressure on doctors and nurses in Hubei Province - the epicenter of the outbreak - as hospital-ridden hospitals run out of beds, masks and other supplies.

Ten bulldozers and about thirteen excavators arrived Thursday evening, January 23, at the hospital site in Wuhan. The facility was built using prefabricated facades in an area that was designated as a holiday complex for local workers on the outskirts of the city. At the time, officials expected construction on 270,000 square feet to be completed by February 3.

On Saturday, January 25th, officials announced that another hospital is preparing to receive patients and treat people infected with the virus, with a capacity of 1300 beds in the name of Lichenshan Hospital, and it is supposed to be completed within 15 days.

The construction of these facilities came amid reports of a shortage of hospital beds where hundreds of people fell ill during the travel season for the lunar new year in the country. Amid complaints that some injuries were prevented from hospitalization due to the flood of patients seeking examination and treatment. Eight hospitals in Wuhan had requested to donate the materials they needed, including masks and glasses. [427] "The construction of this project is a solution to the shortage of existing medical resources. Because it is made of prefabricated buildings, it will not only be built in less time, but it will also not cost much," Zhanjiang Daily told Reuters.

Suspension of flights

With the number of people infected with the 2019-nCoV virus increasing around the world, airlines have canceled or reduced their flights to China due to both the reduced demand for visiting China and the fear of the virus spreading. On January 28, 2020, United Airlines announced that due to "reduced travel demand" to China, flights from San Francisco International Airport, Newark Liberty International Airport, Chicago O'Hare International Airport and Washington Dallas International Airport in Virginia will be canceled for the first week of February. As a first step. This included the cancellation of 332 round trips starting from February 9 to March 28, 2020.

Both Delta Airlines and American Airlines said on January 31, 2020 that they will suspend all their services to the mainland of China, where concerns about the Corona virus are widespread internationally. American Airlines confirmed that it would suspend all flights to and from China directly until March 27. Meanwhile, Delta said it will suspend service from early February to April 30, as it will leave the last flight to China from the United States on February 3 and return to the United States on February 5.

The comment was not limited to state airlines. In both Rwanda and Kenya, Roanair [435] and Kenya Airways [436] confirmed that they would cancel all flights to and from Guangzhou, the southern Chinese capital, until further notice. Polish airline LOT has suspended flights to China until February 9. Iran has also suspended all flights to China due to the outbreak of the Coruna virus, according to Reuters. The semi-official Iranian news agency, Tasnim, reported on Friday that all flights from China to the Islamic Republic were banned.

On January 30, 2020, Air France suspended all scheduled flights to and from mainland China until February 9, and the company previously suspended flights to and from the Chinese city of Wuhan, the hub of the virus, on January 22, 2020. Vietnam's Vietnam Airlines has announced that it will temporarily cancel all Flights to and from China from February 1. Singapore Airlines has said it will cut capacity on some of its routes to China in February, but has ruled out a complete suspension of its schedule.

On February 4, the Iraqi Ministry of Transport announced that Iraqi Airways had suspended flights to and from China until further notice. She also clarified that scheduled flights to China have been suspended since January 21 due to concerns that the Coruna virus will reach the country.

Many other airlines have canceled flights to China, including: Air India, Seoul Air, Tanzania Airlines, Cathay Pacific, Egypt Air, El Al, Finnair, Lion Air, Royal Air Maroc, SAS, Turkish Airlines and Virgin Atlantic

Prevention and handling

There is still no effective treatment or vaccine against the new Corona virus, despite efforts to develop some of its symptoms. Symptoms include fever, cough, breathing difficulties, etc., which have been described as influenza-like. [470] To prevent infection, the World Health Organization recommends washing hands regularly, covering the mouth and nose when coughing, and avoiding close contact with anyone who has symptoms of a respiratory disease (such as coughing). There are no specific treatments for HIV in general, and the US CDC provides general advice that an infected person can relieve symptoms by taking regular flu medications, while drinking fluids and rest. Some countries require people to report flu-like symptoms To their doctor, especially if they have visited China recently.

The situation in Wuhan in connection with the upcoming Olympic qualifiers for the Women's Football Championship, which is scheduled to take place there from 3 to 9 February 2020, is being monitored.
Experimental vaccine

Earlier, a US official announced a test vaccine for the virus, and as public health officials found that to verify the validity of any experimental vaccine categorically, this should take between one and one and a half years.

On March 16, the first female volunteer called (Jennifer Haller) received the experimental vaccine at a research center in Seattle, Washington State.
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